نویسنده: Ahmadi، Seyedeh Masoumeh؛
November 2016، Volume 1 - Number 1 (4 صفحه - از 7 تا 10)
کلید واژه های ماشینی : The Importance Listening Comprehension Language ، Listening Comprehension Language Learning ، Teaching English Second Foreign Language ، Second Language Listening Comprehension ، Language Listening Comprehension Pedagogical ، Pourhossein Gilakjani Ahmadi ، Teaching English Second Language ، The Practice English Language Teaching ، Teachers ، Pourhosein Gilakjani
Many studies in language learning have indicated that listening comprehension plays an important role in the learning process. In spite of its importance, listening has been ignored in second language learning, research, and teaching. The purpose of the present article is to define the terms listening and listening comprehension, review the components of listening, explain teachers’ role in listening comprehension, and present the general principles of listening comprehension. The literature review demonstrated that learners’ listening comprehension skill can be improved by teachers’ assistance and the use of appropriate learning materials and activities.خلاصه ماشینی:
"O‘Malley, Chamot, and Kupper (1989 as cited in Pourhossein Gilakjani & Ahmadi, 2011) said that listening comprehension is an active process in which the listener constructs meaning through using cues from contextual information and from existing knowledge, while relying upon numerous strategic resources to perform the task requirement. Language teachers should respond to their learners’ need to develop increased listening comprehension skills by making listening comprehension an integral component of their instructional sequence. The review of literature indicated that learners should be provided with appropriate materials and activities in which they can learn how to understand the English language. When learners have developed their listening skills to a specified level, teachers can choose texts spoken by native speakers as teaching materials and activities. The literature review demonstrated that learners’ listening comprehension skill can be improved by teachers’ assistance and the use of appropriate learning materials and activities. According to Kurita (2012), learners may find listening comprehension skill difficult to learn and this requires teachers to change their listening exercises into more effective ones. The development of listening comprehension skill helps learners to succeed in language learning and increase their comprehensible input. Nunan (1998 as cited in Pourhossein Gilakjani & Ahmadi, 2011) said that listening includes an active process of decoding and making meaning from both verbal and non-verbal messages. 2. Definition of Listening Listening consists of auditory discrimination, aural grammar, choosing necessary information, remembering it, and connecting it to the process between sound and form of meaning (Morley, 1972 as cited in Pourhosein Gilakjani & Sabouri, 2016)."
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