نویسنده: Pritchard، Boris ؛
English for Academic Purposes Autumn 2015, Volume 4 - Number 1 علمی-پژوهشی (وزارت علوم)/ISC (24 صفحه - از 76 تا 99 )
Multi-word lexical units are a typical feature of specialized dictionaries, in particular monolingual and bilingual maritime dictionaries. The paper studies the concept of the multi-word lexical unit and considers the similarities and differences of their selection and presentation in monolingual and bilingual maritime dictionaries. The work analyses such issues as the classification of multi-word lexical units by their form and syntactic/semantic structure. Two classes of examples of multi-word lexical units are studied and contrasted across a number of languages: true maritime multi-word terms and specialized multi-word terms which include items from the general lexicon.خلاصه ماشینی:
The paper studies the concept of the multi- word lexical unit and considers the similarities and differences of their selection and presentation in monolingual and bilingual maritime dictionaries. ). The following are some of the most relevant questions to be resolved when dealing with multi word lexical units in modern lexicography: - methods of identifying and evaluating of these units in a corpus, - methods of their (meta)lexicographic description and classification, - treatment of MWLUs in monolingual and multi-lingual dictionaries (general, specialized), - which kinds of MWLU's are to be inserted into the world-list (macrostructure) of a dictionary, - how and to what extent are MWLUs dealt with in the dictionary microstructure (i. Finally, though a part of MWLUs can be subjected to the existing mechanisms of linguistic description, especially when using procedures and operations of corpus lexicography (morphosyntactic an semantic rules on combining several words into new single lexical item), the major part of MWLUs remains outside the scope of formal description because these are the units which: - are not entirely predictable on the basis of grammatical rules only, - vary according to language due to convention rather than rules, - are dependent on free choice though they tend to enter certain settled word combinations under fairly definite rules (Landau 1994). specialized dictionaries (View the image of this page) The features for establishing the similarities and differences of the types of multi-word lexical units, as shown on the numerical scale above, are: - formal invariability of member elements in a MWLU - substitutability - irreversibility - degree of semantic interdependence on member elements - semantic (un)decompositionability - idiomaticity - degree of lexicalisation - freedom vs.کلیدواژه ها:
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- (پژوهیار, , , )
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